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Acoustic Phenomena in a Demand-Mode Piezoelectric Ink-Jet Printer

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This paper addresses acoustic wave propagation in a piezoelectric ink-jet printer. Acoustic resonances limit the operating frequency in inkjet devices and influence the timings of the electrical drive signals. In this study, the resonant frequencies in a multichannel printhead are determined through feedback from the fluid to the piezoelectric structure using an electrical impedance anylyzer. The influence of channel length on resonant frequency is analyzed in a specially constructed printhead. In addition, the effect of different end conditions on the acoustic resonance of the channels was observed.

Because the channels walls are compliant, the propagation of acoustic pressure waves in them is slower than the speed of sound in the fluid, which is a fluid property. The electrical impedance measurements allow the determination of the effective speed of sound in the channel and the optimal timing for the driving electrical signal.

In operation, the drop velocity can be modified by changing the duration of the electrical pulse sent to the piezoelectric actuator. The timing that produces the maximum drop velocity can be also related to the effective speed of sound in the channel. Comparison of the two data sets show that a printhead channel has an acoustical behavior closer to an open-open pipe.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2001-01-01

More about this publication?
  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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