Toner Layer Structure and Toner Adhesion on Coated Paper
The sample set included electrophotographic prints on coated papers, where the ratio of different coating pigments was varied. The series contained both uncalendered and calendered samples. Alterations in coating pigments and calendering caused the samples to have different surface properties. Variations in roughness and porosity together with the surface energy induced changes in toner layer formation on different types of coatings. Vibrational spectroscopic methods, i.e. FTIR and Raman measurements, were used to study the structure of the layer of the polyester toner and the chemical phenomena in more detail. FTIR-ATR measurements made from the very surface and depth profiling with Step-scan PAS proved that the molecular structure of the polyester toner layer changes as a function of depth. The confocal Raman technique was used to examine the composition of the toner-paper interface further.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 January 2001
For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.
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