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Traveling Wave Transport of Conductive Toner Particles

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Recent experiments by the author revealed that the transport of conductive, magnetic toner on a traveling wave device significantly differs from that of insulating toner. The major difference results from a critical frequency at which the direction of particle transport reverses.

In this paper the traveling wave transport of conductive toner is studied in detail. Toner conveyors with a grid ranging from 10 lpi to 83.3 lpi are used for the experiments. Three toners of different conductivity and particle size are examined. It is shown that the motion of highly conductive toner particles can be affected by higher harmonics of the applied voltages. Thereby, the toner might travel faster than the fundamental of the electrostatic wave. This effect appears at low velocities only.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2000-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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