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Traveling Wave Transport of Conductive Toner Particles

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Recent experiments by the author revealed that the transport of conductive, magnetic toner on a traveling wave device significantly differs from that of insulating toner. The major difference results from a critical frequency at which the direction of particle transport reverses.

In this paper the traveling wave transport of conductive toner is studied in detail. Toner conveyors with a grid ranging from 10 lpi to 83.3 lpi are used for the experiments. Three toners of different conductivity and particle size are examined. It is shown that the motion of highly conductive toner particles can be affected by higher harmonics of the applied voltages. Thereby, the toner might travel faster than the fundamental of the electrostatic wave. This effect appears at low velocities only.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2000

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  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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