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CIE Fundamentals for Color Measurements

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The paper first overviews the CIE system of colorimetry, covering CIE 1931 color matching functions, XYZ tristimulus values, x, y diagram, 1976 u', v' diagram, and evolvement of CIELUV and CIELAB color spaces and color difference formulae. The paper then reviews the measurement of object colors introducing CIE standard illuminants and the CIE terminology for color and reflectance measurements, then the measurement of lightsource colors (including displays) with calculation of correlated color temperature and color rendering indices. The paper also discusses practical aspects of color measurements for imaging applications using spectroreflectometers, spectroradiometers, and tristimulus colorimeters. Overview is given for calibration and verification of instruments' accuracy, spectral irradiance and reflec-tance standards (available from national laboratories), and uncertainty components.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2000-01-01

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  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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