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CIE Fundamentals for Color Measurements

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The paper first overviews the CIE system of colorimetry, covering CIE 1931 color matching functions, XYZ tristimulus values, x, y diagram, 1976 u', v' diagram, and evolvement of CIELUV and CIELAB color spaces and color difference formulae. The paper then reviews the measurement of object colors introducing CIE standard illuminants and the CIE terminology for color and reflectance measurements, then the measurement of lightsource colors (including displays) with calculation of correlated color temperature and color rendering indices. The paper also discusses practical aspects of color measurements for imaging applications using spectroreflectometers, spectroradiometers, and tristimulus colorimeters. Overview is given for calibration and verification of instruments' accuracy, spectral irradiance and reflec-tance standards (available from national laboratories), and uncertainty components.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2000

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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