Particle Adhesion Force Measurements by Toner Jumping Method

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Toner adhesion forces to an aluminum substrate were measured by toner jumping method to study its adhesion mechanism. When measuring the toner adhesion forces by the toner jumping method, toner particles were sprinkled over on one of a pair of parallel aluminum electrodes. The dc voltage applied to the electrode was increased at a constant rate, and the occurrence of the toner jumping was observed by measuring the current flowing between the electrodes. The toner adhesion force was estimated from the voltage at the occurrence of the toner jumping. The numbers of toner particles that have a certain adhesion force were estimated from the voltage and current. Conductive toners as well as conductive polymer particles were used in this study. The toner adhesion forces were distributed from 10−11 to 10−7 N.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 1999

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  • For more than 25 years, NIP has been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in non-impact and digital printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems, including drop-on-demand ink jet, wide format ink jet, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based electrophotographic printers, production digital printing systems, and thermal printing systems, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields.

    Since 2005, NIP has been held in conjunction with the Digital Fabrication Conference.

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