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The Effects of Surface Treatment on Toner Adhesion Force

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We have studied the effects of toner surface treatment by an additive on toner adhesion force. Toner samples, which have various concentrations of the additive, were prepared and the toner surface coverage by the additive were evaluated by means of the image analysis of electron micrographs. The adhesion force between toner and photoconductor was measured with the centrifugal method. It was found that the non-electrostatic adhesion force rapidly decreased with increasing the surface coverage, and saturated at a certain coverage. A relationship between the non-electrostatic adhesion force and the surface coverage can be explained as the change of van der Waals force. Electrostatic adhesion force increases in proportion to the square of toner charge to mass ratio, and the slope decreases exponentially with increasing the surface coverage. It is suggested that the change of the electrostatic adhesion force by the additive is related to the difference of a charge distribution on toner surface.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1999-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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