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Eco-Labels: Their Impact on Toner Colorants

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The term environmental label covers hundreds of existing programs worldwide. They could be roughly divided into first party approved labels (criteria verification by the introducer) and third party approved labels (verification by an independent source according to an evaluation process). Third party approved labels could be mandatory or voluntary (figure 1).

Under the voluntary classification, the so-called “Seals of Approval” play a key role as a sustainable marketing instrument to promote products like printers, copiers, etc. on the market. Some seals even restrict the use of certain colorants in their basic criteria. For instance, certain azo colorants are banned.

The most important seals cover products which are related to NIP (non-impact printing) technologies: Blue Angel/Germany, White Swan/Scandinavia, Eco-Mark/Japan, Austrian Eco Label, etc. But the individual criteria may be different.

Consequently for awarding, only selected colorants can be applied which have to be verified according to the label requirements.

Unfortunately, these labels are in effect only for a specific country or region.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1999-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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