Effects of Impending EU Regulations on the Search for “Safe” CIJ Inks
The requirements for an ideal i-CIJ solvent are discussed from a physical properties, health, safety and environmental (HS&E) perspective, with reference to both traditional and more recently introduced solvents, and to the use of water. The effects of two major EU Directives are then discussed. Firstly, the 25th Adaptation to the Dangerous Substances Directive assigns additional risk phrases and hazard symbols to a range of solvents used by the industry. Examples of the effects are given. Secondly, the new Preparations Directive introduces the requirement for the environmental classification of preparations. The criteria forcing use of the N symbol are outlined and examples using dyestuffs are given.
Other recent EU legislation is briefly summarized, and future trends in the use of solvent-based i-CIJ inks will be postulated.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1999-01-01
For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.
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