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Comparison and Evaluation of Various Tribo-Charging Models for Two-Component Developer

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Several models of tribo-charging of two-component developers have been proposed to explain the tribo-charging mechanism. Some of these models do not clearly explain all tribo-charging phenomena, e.g., the toner q/m is independent on toner concentration. Recently, we presented a new model to describe the tribo-electric charging characteristics of two-component developers. According to a new model, the dependence of tribo-electric charging characteristics on toner concentration is governed by the relative difference of charging site numbers between toners and carriers. Our model can clearly explain the tribo-charging phenomenon of two-component developers. We will compare and evaluate the various tribo-charging models for two-component developer with experimental results.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1998-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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