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Nucleation Quality and Bubble Momentum and Their Effect on Droplet Velocity and Stability

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A recent paper, presented at NIP12 in San Antonio, described the relationship between heater power density and bubble nucleation. While the experimental results validated the model, it left an unanswered question, that is; what is the effect of power density and bubble nucleation on jetting performance? Increasing firing frequencies combined with more dense heater arrays act together to decrease the time available for pulsing individual heaters. This pushes power density upwards. However, thin film reliability issues often work in the opposite direction. Lower power density pulses, in general, permit longer heater lifetimes. Independent of these issues, there are jetting performance considerations. While heater lifetime effects are important, only the jetting performance issues are examined in this paper. In particular, this paper deals with droplet velocity and stability and their relationship to heater power density. Experimental data is presented along with simulation results. Bubble momentum is computed and used to explain the nonlinear velocity response to heater power density. Also, the spread of nucleation probability across the heater surface, is used to compute nucleation quality. The nucleation quality term has a direct relationship to the power density regime responsible for bubble instability induced droplet velocity variation.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1998-01-01

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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