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Analysis of Sharpness Increase by Image Noise

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In this study, the authors investigated how noise affects sharpness perception. The authors probed the sharpness of black-and-white tree bark images with various noise levels. Overall, the sharpness decreased as the noise amount increased, while some observers seemed to perceive more sharpness. The authors next used one- and two-dimensional unifrequency patterns as stimuli in an attempt to reduce such variability in the judgment. The result showed that sharpness of higher-frequency stimuli decreased with increased noise, while that of lower-frequency stimuli increased at certain levels. From this result, the authors thought that noise reduces the sharpness at edges, but can sharpen the lower-frequency component or texture of the image. To prove this prediction, the authors experimented again with the image used in the first experiment. The perceived sharpness only decreased when noise was added to the edge regions, whereas it improved when noise was applied to texture. The authors consider that the interaction between noise and texture increases the perception of image sharpness.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Graduate School of Advanced Integration Science, Chiba University, Yayoi-cho 1-33, Inage-ku, 263-8522 Chiba, Japan

Publication date: 2011-05-01

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  • The Journal of Imaging Science and Technology (JIST) is dedicated to the advancement of imaging science knowledge, the practical applications of such knowledge, and how imaging science relates to other fields of study. The pages of this journal are open to reports of new theoretical or experimental results, and to comprehensive reviews. Only original manuscripts that have not been previously published, nor currently submitted for publication elsewhere, should be submitted.

    IS&T's JIST-first publication option allows authors wishing to present their work at conferences, but have a journal citation for their paper, to submit a paper to JIST that follows the same rigorous peer-review vetting and publication process as traditional JIST articles, but with the benefit of a condensed time-to-publication time frame and guaranteed conference presentation slot.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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