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Open Access Microscopic and Macroscopic Characteristics of the Shroud of Turin Image Superficiality

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The "superficiality" of the Turin Shroud body image is a characteristic frequently described in scientific papers but too often in vague terms. Originating from a discussion among the members of the Shroud Science Group, this paper was compiled thoroughly describing the unique characteristics of the body image superficiality. This concept of superficiality is here described at the fabric, thread and fiber levels. At the fabric level, we show the importance of the geometry of the fabric. At the thread level, the very specific distribution of the color is emphasized. Finally, at the fiber level, we confirm that the color is a chemically altered layer about 200 nm thick found at the surface of the colored fibers (the inner part remains uncolored). We suggest that the chemical alteration that produced the discoloration is related to the primary cell wall of the linen fiber. The description of image superficiality here reported will be useful for the formulation of future hypotheses about the body image formation process.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Padua, Via Venezia 1, 35137 Padova, Italy 2: Universität Regensburg, Lehrstuhl für Entwicklungsbiologie, Universitätstrasse 31, D-93040, Regensburg, Germany 3: ENEA, Department of Physical Technologies and New Materials, Frascati Research Center, C.P. 65, 00044 Frascati, Italy 4: 62, rue Danielle Casanova, 93200 Sait Denis, France 5: Bridgewater College, 402 E. College St. McK-231, Bridgewater, VA 22812 6: Kalvemosevej 4, DK-4930 Maribo, Denmark

Publication date: 01 July 2010

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  • The Journal of Imaging Science and Technology (JIST) is dedicated to the advancement of imaging science knowledge, the practical applications of such knowledge, and how imaging science relates to other fields of study. The pages of this journal are open to reports of new theoretical or experimental results, and to comprehensive reviews. Only original manuscripts that have not been previously published, nor currently submitted for publication elsewhere, should be submitted.

    IS&T's JIST-first publication option allows authors wishing to present their work at conferences, but have a journal citation for their paper, to submit a paper to JIST that follows the same rigorous peer-review vetting and publication process as traditional JIST articles, but with the benefit of a condensed time-to-publication time frame and guaranteed conference presentation slot.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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