Electrical and Thermal Properties of Azo-Metal Complexes used as Charge-Control Agents
Abstract:The authors have recently proposed a novel charge-control mechanism that assumes an appreciable temperature increase at the "toner/carrier" interface due to the triboelectrification. In this model, the temperature dependence of the electrical conductivity of charge-control agents (CCAs) plays the crucial role. Therefore, electrical and thermal properties of azo-metal complexes used as CCAs have been investigated in order to provide additional evidence for our model as well as to study their high thermal stability. The electrical conductivity of a typical azo-Fe complex (i.e., T-77 from Hodogaya Chemical) is found to increase exponentially with temperature, and the value around 100° C is about two to three orders of magnitude higher than that at room temperature. This supports our charge-control mechanism. On the other hand, the structure analyses of T-77, sodium salt of T-77, and sodium salt of a Cr-complex revealed that there are intermolecular hydrogen-bond networks or coordination networks, in which each cation bridges neighboring anions. This type of network is found to be responsible for high thermal stability above 250° C.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University, 79-5 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya-ku, 240-8501 Yokohama, Japan
Publication date: January 1, 2009
The Journal of Imaging Science and Technology (JIST) is dedicated to the advancement of imaging science knowledge, the practical applications of such knowledge, and how imaging science relates to other fields of study. The pages of this journal are open to reports of new theoretical or experimental results, and to comprehensive reviews. Only original manuscripts that have not been previously published, nor currently submitted for publication elsewhere, should be submitted.
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