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Numerical Simulation of Toner Transfer Considering Voltage Distribution on the Transfer Belt

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A simplified simulation method coupling two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) models is proposed for analysis of primary toner transfer processes. In the 2D model, the electric potential distribution of a vicinity of a transfer nip is simulated including conditions and configurations of the transfer process. Meanwhile, the motion of toner particles is simulated with a 3D parallel plate model, including the relation between the electric potential of the intermediate transfer belt and the transfer gap obtained by the 2D simulation. The validity of the 2D and the 3D models is separately examined, and analyses of a primary transfer process in a printer have been demonstrated using the coupling method. The method has nicely reproduced transfer phenomena with small computational load.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Imaging Engine Development Division, Ricoh Company, Ltd., 810 Shimoimaizumi, Ebina-shi, Kanagawa 243-0460, Japan

Publication date: September 1, 2008

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  • The Journal of Imaging Science and Technology (JIST) is dedicated to the advancement of imaging science knowledge, the practical applications of such knowledge, and how imaging science relates to other fields of study. The pages of this journal are open to reports of new theoretical or experimental results, and to comprehensive reviews. Only original manuscripts that have not been previously published, nor currently submitted for publication elsewhere, should be submitted.

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