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A High-Resolution Imaging System for Omnidirectional Illuminant Estimation

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Illuminant estimation in natural scenes includes the problem of estimating a spatial distribution of light sources by omnidirectional observations. So far most omnidirectional measuring systems used a mirrored ball as an optical tool. This kind of system, however, has several essential problems, such as low and nonuniform spatial resolution and a dead region due to imaging the camera itself, as reflected by the mirror. The present article realizes multiband spectral imaging with high spatial resolution for omnidirectional estimation of scene illuminant in a simple measuring system. To overcome the mirrored ball problems, we propose a multiband omnidirectional imaging system using a high-resolution trichromatic digital camera, a fisheye lens, and two commercial color filters. The spatial resolution of omnidirectional imaging systems is analyzed based on an optics model in detail. We describe a practical spectral imaging system. Use of the RGB camera with each of the two color filters allows two different sets of trichromatic spectral sensitivity functions via spectral multiplication, resulting in six spectral bands, after image capture with each color filter. An algorithm is developed based on statistical estimation theory for estimating illuminant spectra from noisy observations of the sensor outputs. The feasibility of the proposed method is examined from the viewpoints of spatial resolution and omnidirectional illuminant estimation.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Engineering Informatics, Osaka Electro-Communication University, Neyagawa, Osaka 572-8530, Japan 2: Department of Information Science, Graduate School of Advanced Integration Science, Chiba University, 1-33, Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522, Japan

Publication date: 2008-07-01

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  • The Journal of Imaging Science and Technology (JIST) is dedicated to the advancement of imaging science knowledge, the practical applications of such knowledge, and how imaging science relates to other fields of study. The pages of this journal are open to reports of new theoretical or experimental results, and to comprehensive reviews. Only original manuscripts that have not been previously published, nor currently submitted for publication elsewhere, should be submitted.

    IS&T's JIST-first publication option allows authors wishing to present their work at conferences, but have a journal citation for their paper, to submit a paper to JIST that follows the same rigorous peer-review vetting and publication process as traditional JIST articles, but with the benefit of a condensed time-to-publication time frame and guaranteed conference presentation slot.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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