Skip to main content

Toner Penetration into Porous Substrates

Buy Article:

$17.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

The penetration of toner into porous substrates is studied using cross sections and topographical maps of the toner layer. Toner penetrates readily into the pores of the substrate and the penetration depth is larger than previously stated. As the toner enters the fixing stage, its temperature increases, which leads to a decrease in its viscosity. As a result, the toner penetrates and flows more easily into the pores of the substrate. The nip pressure pushes the toner layer against the substrate, thus promoting the penetration significantly. The toner layer also adapts to the irregularities of the paper surface. Toner does not seem to penetrate into 0.1 μm pores. This indicates that toner cannot penetrate into the pores of paper coatings. The surface energy of the substrate seems to increase toner penetration slightly by enhancing wetting, spreading, and penetration potential. Other substrate properties were not observed to significantly affect toner penetration. However, these effects of the substrate properties are almost totally overrun by the pressure in the nip.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Oy Keskuslaboratorio–Centrallaboratorium Ab (KCL), P.O. Box 70, FI-02151 Espoo, Finland 2: Helsinki University of Technology (TKK), P.O. Box 5500, 02015 TKK, Finland

Publication date: 2008-07-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Imaging Science and Technology (JIST) is dedicated to the advancement of imaging science knowledge, the practical applications of such knowledge, and how imaging science relates to other fields of study. The pages of this journal are open to reports of new theoretical or experimental results, and to comprehensive reviews. Only original manuscripts that have not been previously published, nor currently submitted for publication elsewhere, should be submitted.

    IS&T's JIST-first publication option allows authors wishing to present their work at conferences, but have a journal citation for their paper, to submit a paper to JIST that follows the same rigorous peer-review vetting and publication process as traditional JIST articles, but with the benefit of a condensed time-to-publication time frame and guaranteed conference presentation slot.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Privacy Policy
  • Information for JIST-First Authors
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more