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An Introduction to Color in Medical Imaging

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The field of radiology dates back to 1896 with the first direct x-ray exposure of film by Roentgen. For the next 80 years the exposure of black-and-white film by x-rays, and later, from calculated images from computed tomography scans, ultrasound scans, and magnetic resonance imaging scans would dominate the hardcopy world of medical imaging. The use of color was largely experimental and limited until the development of real-time color Doppler imaging in the early 1980s. Since that time, the use of color has grown rapidly as three-dimensional visualizations and multimodality or multispectral images become widely utilized. The rapid growth of imaging techniques that combine anatomical information with additional functional or molecular information is driving color to the forefront, since additional information needs to be fused in the renderings. Thus, 100 years after Roentgen's experiment, a century of monochrome imaging is giving way to an emerging need for color displays of medical images.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Rochester, Hopeman Building, Room 203, Rochester, New York 14627-0127 2: Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Rochester, Hopeman Building, Room 332, Rochester, New York 14627-0127 3: Department of Radiology and Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 648, Rochester, New York 14642

Publication date: 2006-01-01

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  • The Journal of Imaging Science and Technology (JIST) is dedicated to the advancement of imaging science knowledge, the practical applications of such knowledge, and how imaging science relates to other fields of study. The pages of this journal are open to reports of new theoretical or experimental results, and to comprehensive reviews. Only original manuscripts that have not been previously published, nor currently submitted for publication elsewhere, should be submitted.

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