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Open Access Methods and measurements to compare men against machines

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Recent advances in computational models in vision science have considerably furthered our understanding of human visual perception. At the same time, rapid advances in convolutional deep neural networks (DNNs) have resulted in computer vision models of object recognition which, for the first time, rival human object recognition. Furthermore, it has been suggested that DNNs may not only be successful models for computer vision, but may also be good computational models of the monkey and human visual systems. The advances in computational models in both vision science and computer vision pose two challenges in two different and independent domains: First, because the latest computational models have much higher predictive accuracy, and competing models may make similar predictions, we require more human data to be able to statistically distinguish between different models. Thus we would like to have methods to acquire trustworthy human behavioural data fast and easy. Second, we need challenging experiments to ascertain whether models show similar input-output behaviour only near "ceiling" performance, or whether their performance degrades similar to human performance: only then do we have strong evidence that models and human observers may be using similar features and processing strategies. In this paper we address both challenges.

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Keywords: CONVOLUTIONAL NEURAL NETWORKS; DEEP NEURAL NETWORKS; HUMAN VISION; METHODS; PSYCHOPHYSICS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2017-01-29

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  • For more than 30 years, the Electronic Imaging Symposium has been serving those in the broad community - from academia and industry - who work on imaging science and digital technologies. The breadth of the Symposium covers the entire imaging science ecosystem, from capture (sensors, camera) through image processing (image quality, color and appearance) to how we and our surrogate machines see and interpret images. Applications covered include augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, machine vision, data analysis, digital and mobile photography, security, virtual reality, and human vision. IS&T began sole sponsorship of the meeting in 2016. All papers presented at EIs 20+ conferences are open access.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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