Skip to main content

Free Content The Electrical Potential Difference through the Foot Epithelium of the Snail Achatina achatina, Lameere during Mechanical and Chemical Stimulation

Download Article:
(PDF 294.2 kb)
An important electrophysiological variable – the transepithelial potential difference reflects the electrogenic transepithelial ion currents, which are produced and modified by ion transport processes in polarized cells of epithelium. These processes result from coordinated function of transporters in apical and basolateral cell membranes and have been observed in all epithelial tissues studied so far. The experiments were performed on isolated specimens of snail foot. In the experiments, the baseline transepithelial electrical potential difference – PD, changes of transepithelial difference during mechanical stimulation – dPD and the transepithelial resistance were measured with an Ussing apparatus. A total of 60 samples of foot ventral surface of 28 snails were studied. The transepithelial electrical potential difference of isolated foot ranged from −6.0 to 10.0 mV under different experimental conditions. Mechanical stimulation of foot ventral surface caused changes of electrogenic ion transport, observed as transient hyperpolarization (electrical potential difference became more positive). When the transepithelial electrical potential difference decreased during stimulation, the reaction was described as depolarization. When amiloride and bumetanide were added to the stimulating fluid so that the sodium and chloride ion transport pathways were inhibited, prolonged depolarization occurred. Under the influence of different stimuli: mechanical (gentle rinsing), chemical (changes of ion concentrations) and pharmacological (application of ion inhibitors), transient changes of potential difference (dPD) were evoked, ranging from about −0.7 to almost 2.0 mV. Changes in transepithelial potential difference of the pedal surface of the snail's foot related to these physiological stimuli are probably involved in the locomotion of the animal and are under control of the part of the nervous system in which tachykinin related peptides (TRP) act as transmitters.

27 References.

No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2006

More about this publication?
  • Folia biologica is an international quarterly journal that publishes papers on the broad field of experimental zoology, nuclear and chromosome research, and also ultrastructural studies. All papers are subject to peer reviews. Indexed in: ISI Master Journal List, Current Contents, Polish Scientific Journals Contents. I.F. 0.667
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more