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Free Content The Influence of Sheep, Cattle and Horse Grazing on Soil Mites (Acari) of Lowland Meadows

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Abstract:

Soil mites in lowland pastures grazed by sheep, cattle and horses and hay-growing meadows were investigated near Bydgoszcz. Samples were taken in spring, summer and autumn of 2001 and 2002 from the lower parts of plants (0-3 cm) and 2 soil layers, 0-3 cm and 3-6 cm. The grazing animals reduced the density of mites and species richness of Oribatida as compared to the control plots. The impact of sheep and cattle grazing on mites was higher than that of horses. Among the mites the Oribatida predominated, while the Gamasida were less abundant. Some species preferred the meadows while others preferred the pastures. Liebstadia similis predominated in the pastures grazed by sheep and cattle and Heminothrus peltifer – on those grazed by horses. Most mites inhabited the lower parts of plants; their density in the soil decreased with soil depth.

Keywords: ACARI; CATTLE; GAMASIDA; HORSES; ORIBATIDA; PASTURE GRAZING; SHEEP

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3409/173491605775789362

Publication date: October 1, 2005

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  • Folia biologica is an international quarterly journal that publishes papers on the broad field of experimental zoology, nuclear and chromosome research, and also ultrastructural studies. All papers are subject to peer reviews. Indexed in: ISI Master Journal List, Current Contents, Polish Scientific Journals Contents. I.F. 0.667
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