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The aim of the study was to evaluate the relations between genotype effects at porcine loci MYF3, MYF4, MYF5 and MYF6 on meat quality traits in pigs of the CC genotype at the RYR1 locus. Meat traits were analysed in longissimus lumborum muscle in 98 pigs (75 of PLW × PL and 25 [PLW × PL] × Pietrain crosses). The determined meat characteristics covered the pH1 and pHu records, visual assessment of colour and exudation on fresh meat samples, water holding capacity, drip loss, spectrophotometric measurements of dominant wavelength, colour saturation and lightness, L, a*, b* values according to the CIE system, basic chemical constituents (water, protein, intramuscular fat and ash) and soluble protein fraction in meat. The distribution of animals within particular MyoD genotypes only in the MYF4 and MYF5 genotypes were spread uniformly. The gene effects at particular MyoD loci on studied meat traits were significant. The most pronounced effect on meat quality was exerted by the myogenin gene (MYF4). Individuals of the BB genotype in respect to the MYF4 locus showed a better water holding capacity (P<0.01), lower drip loss (P<0.05), darker colour score (P<0.01) and better wateriness score (P<0.01), darker and more desirable colour characteristic (P<0.01) than pigs with the AA genotype, whereas AB genotype animals had intermediate values. In respect to meat protein solubility the AA genotype pigs had a significantly lower level of soluble protein in meat than AB and BB (P<0.01). On basis of the present study it may be inferred that mutations in coding and the non-coding regions of MyoD genes exert significant effects on muscle traits related to oxidative metabolism, as well as related to glycolysis and contractile muscle properties, and thereby on meat quality.
Folia biologica is an international quarterly journal that publishes papers on the broad field of experimental zoology, nuclear and chromosome research, and also ultrastructural studies. All papers are subject to peer reviews. Indexed in: ISI Master Journal List, Current Contents, Polish Scientific Journals Contents. I.F. 0.667