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Determining factors for the distribution of cruise tourism across the Caribbean

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Abstract:

The essential characteristics of Caribbean cruise arrivals from 1970 to 2008 are a strong and stable concentration and the shift towards the Western Caribbean. This paper validates the profit maximizing behaviour of the cruise companies as the determining factor explaining the spatial dynamic and static distribution of cruise arrivals in the Caribbean. A discursive approach and econometric regressions corroborate this supply-side approach compared with the demand-side approach from the destination's perspective. Excursion revenue and distance are identified as explanatory variables of a destination's arrival numbers. From those elements, the paper highlights overarching principles for the formulation of cruise development strategies by destinations.

Keywords: CARIBBEAN; CONCENTRATION; CRUISE TOURISM; DISTANCE; DISTRIBUTION; PROFIT MAXIMIZING BEHAVIOUR

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5367/te.2012.0154

Publication date: October 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Tourism Economics, published bimonthly, is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to the economics and finance of tourism worldwide. Articles address the components of the tourism product (accommodation; restaurants; merchandizing; attractions; transport; entertainment; tourist activities); and the economic organization of tourism at micro and macro levels (market structure; role of public/private sectors; community interests; strategic planning; marketing; finance; economic development).

    Fast Track. Tourism Economics Fast Track papers have been peer-reviewed, revised and fully accepted for publication. However, although these are the final versions from the authors, they are unedited manuscripts and will undergo a rigorous editing process before their appearance in an issue of the journal. This means that the Fast Track manuscripts may not conform to journal style in terms of presentation, spelling and other usages. They may also contain errors of typography, grammar, spelling, referencing, etc, all of which will be corrected in the processes of copy-editing and proofreading.
    Tourism Economics operates a Fast Track online publication system so that papers can be published and made available almost immediately on final acceptance by the journal. Each Fast Track article is given a DOI. When the paper is assigned to an issue, this DOI will automatically be transferred to the article in the journal issue.
    Fast Track articles may be cited using the DOI. Citations should include the author's or authors' name(s), the title of the article, the title of the journal followed by the words Fast Track, the year of Fast Track publication and the DOI. For example:

    Smith, J. (2013), Article title, Tourism Economics Fast Track, DOI xxxxxxxx.

    Once the paper has been published in an issue of the journal, the DOI will automatically resolve to that final version and the article can be cited in accordance with normal bibliographical conventions.

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