Determinants of tourist spending in cross-sectional studies and at Danish destinations

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This article begins with a meta-analysis style review of the determinants of tourist spending according to more than 50 cross-sectional studies published in academic journal articles during the period 1995–2009. The studies are grouped using factor analysis based on the determinants included or not included in each study. Following the structured review, a conceptual model of the determinants of tourist spending is proposed. In the empirical part of the study, which is based on a survey with more than 11,000 respondents, the determinants of spending are analysed using multiple regression analysis. Eighteen determinants are tested in seven different models. All 18 determinants are significant in the 'spending per person per night' model. The additional six models include three subdivisions of this core 'per person per night' model into (ii) transport, (iii) accommodation and (iv) other spending. The other three are: (v) per travel party per night, (vi) per person per stay and (vii) per travel party per stay. The 18 sets of tested determinants are: type of accommodation, length of stay, travel party size, destination, travel distance, origin market, purpose of travel, mode of transport, activities, age group, packaging, income, purchase channel, information sources, gender, first-time versus repeat visit, motives and season.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: August 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Tourism Economics, published bimonthly, is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to the economics and finance of tourism worldwide. Articles address the components of the tourism product (accommodation; restaurants; merchandizing; attractions; transport; entertainment; tourist activities); and the economic organization of tourism at micro and macro levels (market structure; role of public/private sectors; community interests; strategic planning; marketing; finance; economic development).

    Fast Track. Tourism Economics Fast Track papers have been peer-reviewed, revised and fully accepted for publication. However, although these are the final versions from the authors, they are unedited manuscripts and will undergo a rigorous editing process before their appearance in an issue of the journal. This means that the Fast Track manuscripts may not conform to journal style in terms of presentation, spelling and other usages. They may also contain errors of typography, grammar, spelling, referencing, etc, all of which will be corrected in the processes of copy-editing and proofreading.
    Tourism Economics operates a Fast Track online publication system so that papers can be published and made available almost immediately on final acceptance by the journal. Each Fast Track article is given a DOI. When the paper is assigned to an issue, this DOI will automatically be transferred to the article in the journal issue.
    Fast Track articles may be cited using the DOI. Citations should include the author's or authors' name(s), the title of the article, the title of the journal followed by the words Fast Track, the year of Fast Track publication and the DOI. For example:

    Smith, J. (2013), Article title, Tourism Economics Fast Track, DOI xxxxxxxx.

    Once the paper has been published in an issue of the journal, the DOI will automatically resolve to that final version and the article can be cited in accordance with normal bibliographical conventions.

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