An empirical study of the influences of recreational park visitation: the case of US National Park Service sites

Authors: McIntosh, Christopher R.; Wilmot, Neil

Source: Tourism Economics, Volume 17, Number 2, April 2011 , pp. 425-435(11)

Publisher: IP Publishing Ltd

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Abstract:

The authors examine which variables influence recreational visitation at 353 US National Park Service (NPS) sites. The paper provides evidence that variables other than lagged visitation, including various site designators, various regional dummies, lagged RDPI (inferior), alternative sites (complementary effect), the regional 9/11 terrorist attacks variable and the regional terrorism threat level variable (increase in threat level decreases visitation) are statistically and economically significant. Generally, the statistical significance and magnitude of the variable's influence increases as site visitation increases. These results should be of interest to planners and policy makers in general, and specifically to NPS planners in charge of a US$2.2 billion budget.

Keywords: INFERIOR GOODS; NATIONAL THREAT ADVISORY; PANEL ESTIMATION; PARK VISITATION; TERRORISM

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5367/te.2011.0036

Publication date: April 1, 2011

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  • Tourism Economics, published bimonthly, is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to the economics and finance of tourism worldwide. Articles address the components of the tourism product (accommodation; restaurants; merchandizing; attractions; transport; entertainment; tourist activities); and the economic organization of tourism at micro and macro levels (market structure; role of public/private sectors; community interests; strategic planning; marketing; finance; economic development).

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