Distribution of income from tourism-sensitive employment

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Abstract:

Travel and tourism represent important economic activities that contribute to the vibrancy of regional economies and provide a source of both entrepreneurial and household income. Understanding the role of tourism in providing household income requires a thorough assessment of occupational structure and labour market characteristics. Furthermore, spatial differences of where labour is employed and income is generated are needed to understand better the role of tourism across the varied landscapes of alternative region types; from urban and suburban communities to remote, rural towns. This paper reports on a detailed assessment of income distribution resulting from wage and salary employment in tourism-sensitive sectors. Empirically, this was accomplished using secondary data from a variety of standardized sources for counties at state in the Upper Midwest portion of the USA. The results suggest that aggregate statistics on total jobs created and income generated mask important elements that allow a more complete understanding of the jobs and income created by travel and tourism sectors as they respond to the spending of tourists. Income inequality in tourism employment is both a sector-specific and spatial attribute.

Keywords: INCOME DISTRIBUTION; TOURISM-RELATED EMPLOYMENT; WAGE AND SALARY EMPLOYMENT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5367/000000008785633622

Publication date: September 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Tourism Economics, published bimonthly, is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to the economics and finance of tourism worldwide. Articles address the components of the tourism product (accommodation; restaurants; merchandizing; attractions; transport; entertainment; tourist activities); and the economic organization of tourism at micro and macro levels (market structure; role of public/private sectors; community interests; strategic planning; marketing; finance; economic development).

    Fast Track. Tourism Economics Fast Track papers have been peer-reviewed, revised and fully accepted for publication. However, although these are the final versions from the authors, they are unedited manuscripts and will undergo a rigorous editing process before their appearance in an issue of the journal. This means that the Fast Track manuscripts may not conform to journal style in terms of presentation, spelling and other usages. They may also contain errors of typography, grammar, spelling, referencing, etc, all of which will be corrected in the processes of copy-editing and proofreading.
    Tourism Economics operates a Fast Track online publication system so that papers can be published and made available almost immediately on final acceptance by the journal. Each Fast Track article is given a DOI. When the paper is assigned to an issue, this DOI will automatically be transferred to the article in the journal issue.
    Fast Track articles may be cited using the DOI. Citations should include the author's or authors' name(s), the title of the article, the title of the journal followed by the words Fast Track, the year of Fast Track publication and the DOI. For example:

    Smith, J. (2013), Article title, Tourism Economics Fast Track, DOI xxxxxxxx.

    Once the paper has been published in an issue of the journal, the DOI will automatically resolve to that final version and the article can be cited in accordance with normal bibliographical conventions.

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