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Options for viable economic development through tourism among the non-oil Arab countries: the Egyptian case

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The underlying thesis of this paper is that, to achieve viable longterm high rates of economic growth and social development, the Arab non-oil countries must adhere to the basic principles of a modern economy. They have to develop those economic sectors that have strong competitive advantages with other markets. With accelerating globalization the competitive advantage has become even more important, particularly for the non-oil Arab countries. By examining the case of Egypt, the paper evaluates the extent to which tourism, as a service industry, can contribute to the improvement of these countries' economies. The non-oil economy of Egypt was chosen as a case study for two reasons: (a) from an economic point of view, Egypt has suffered most from the continuing Arab–Israeli conflict and (b) Egypt has the highest tourism potential in the entire Arab region. The results of the analysis show clearly that tourism can fit very well with Egypt's transformation into an economically welldeveloped non-oil country.


Document Type: Regular Paper


Publication date: December 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Tourism Economics, published bimonthly, is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to the economics and finance of tourism worldwide. Articles address the components of the tourism product (accommodation; restaurants; merchandizing; attractions; transport; entertainment; tourist activities); and the economic organization of tourism at micro and macro levels (market structure; role of public/private sectors; community interests; strategic planning; marketing; finance; economic development).

    Fast Track. Tourism Economics Fast Track papers have been peer-reviewed, revised and fully accepted for publication. However, although these are the final versions from the authors, they are unedited manuscripts and will undergo a rigorous editing process before their appearance in an issue of the journal. This means that the Fast Track manuscripts may not conform to journal style in terms of presentation, spelling and other usages. They may also contain errors of typography, grammar, spelling, referencing, etc, all of which will be corrected in the processes of copy-editing and proofreading.
    Tourism Economics operates a Fast Track online publication system so that papers can be published and made available almost immediately on final acceptance by the journal. Each Fast Track article is given a DOI. When the paper is assigned to an issue, this DOI will automatically be transferred to the article in the journal issue.
    Fast Track articles may be cited using the DOI. Citations should include the author's or authors' name(s), the title of the article, the title of the journal followed by the words Fast Track, the year of Fast Track publication and the DOI. For example:

    Smith, J. (2013), Article title, Tourism Economics Fast Track, DOI xxxxxxxx.

    Once the paper has been published in an issue of the journal, the DOI will automatically resolve to that final version and the article can be cited in accordance with normal bibliographical conventions.

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