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Free Content Tourism as a long-run economic growth factor: an empirical investigation for Greece using causality analysis

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This paper empirically examines the impact of tourism on the longrun economic growth of Greece by using causality analysis of real gross domestic product, real effective exchange rate and international tourism earnings. A Multivariate Auto Regressive (VAR) model is applied for the period 1960:I–2000:IV. The results of co-integration analysis suggest that there is one co-integrated vector among real gross domestic product, real effective exchange rate and international tourism earnings. Granger causality tests based on Error Correction Models (ECMs), have indicated that there is a 'strong Granger causal' relationship between international tourism earnings and economic growth, a 'strong causal' relationship between real exchange rate and economic growth, and simply 'causal' relationships between economic growth and international tourism earnings and between real exchange rate and international tourism earnings.


Document Type: Regular Paper


Publication date: September 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Tourism Economics, published bimonthly, is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to the economics and finance of tourism worldwide. Articles address the components of the tourism product (accommodation; restaurants; merchandizing; attractions; transport; entertainment; tourist activities); and the economic organization of tourism at micro and macro levels (market structure; role of public/private sectors; community interests; strategic planning; marketing; finance; economic development).

    Fast Track. Tourism Economics Fast Track papers have been peer-reviewed, revised and fully accepted for publication. However, although these are the final versions from the authors, they are unedited manuscripts and will undergo a rigorous editing process before their appearance in an issue of the journal. This means that the Fast Track manuscripts may not conform to journal style in terms of presentation, spelling and other usages. They may also contain errors of typography, grammar, spelling, referencing, etc, all of which will be corrected in the processes of copy-editing and proofreading.
    Tourism Economics operates a Fast Track online publication system so that papers can be published and made available almost immediately on final acceptance by the journal. Each Fast Track article is given a DOI. When the paper is assigned to an issue, this DOI will automatically be transferred to the article in the journal issue.
    Fast Track articles may be cited using the DOI. Citations should include the author's or authors' name(s), the title of the article, the title of the journal followed by the words Fast Track, the year of Fast Track publication and the DOI. For example:

    Smith, J. (2013), Article title, Tourism Economics Fast Track, DOI xxxxxxxx.

    Once the paper has been published in an issue of the journal, the DOI will automatically resolve to that final version and the article can be cited in accordance with normal bibliographical conventions.

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