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Microstructural magnetic phases in superconducting FeTe0.65Se0.35

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In this paper, we address a number of outstanding issues concerning the nature and the role of magnetic inhomogeneities in the iron chalcogenide system FeTe1−x Se x and their correlation with superconductivity in this system. We report morphology of superconducting single crystals of FeTe0.65Se0.35 studied with transmission electron microscopy, high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy and their magnetic and superconducting properties characterized with magnetization, specific heat and magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Our data demonstrate the presence of nanoscale hexagonal regions coexisting with a tetragonal host lattice, a chemical disorder demonstrating a nonhomogeneous distribution of host atoms in the crystal lattice, as well as iron-deficient bands hundreds of nanometres in length. From the magnetic data and ferromagnetic resonance temperature dependence, we attribute magnetic phases in Fe–Te–Se to Fe3O4 inclusions and to hexagonal symmetry nanoscale regions with a structure of the Fe7Se8 type. Our results suggest that a nonhomogeneous distribution of host atoms might be an intrinsic feature of superconducting Fe–Te–Se chalcogenides and we find a surprising correlation indicating that a faster grown crystal of inferior crystallographic properties is a better superconductor.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/25/6/065019

Publication date: June 1, 2012

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