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Systematic study of the microstructures and electrical and superconducting properties of nanocarbon doped MgB2 tapes

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A series of C doped and undoped MgB2 tapes sintered at 600–950 °C was fabricated. The relationships between the critical current properties, crystallinity and microstructures were systematically studied as functions of the C doping level and heating conditions. A decrease in the a-axis length due to carbon substitution was observed in the C doped samples. The full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the MgB2 (101) peak increased with increasing C doping level, suggesting that the introduction of lattice defects and/or the decrease of the grain size of MgB2 occurred on C doping. Due to the substitution of C for B, the upper critical field was improved in C doped MgB2 samples. Substantially improved critical current density, Jc, was found in all of the C doped samples. At 4.2 K, 10 T, Jc reached 2.2 × 104 A cm-2 in the 8% C doped samples.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: December 1, 2007


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