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An improved technique for the growth of (Tl0.95Bi0.2)(Sr0.8Ba0.2)2Ca2Cu3Ox superconducting thin films in oxygen and argon

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We fabricated (Tl0.95Bi0.2)(Sr0.8Ba0.2)2Ca2Cu3Ox (Tl, Bi-1223) superconducting thin films on a LaAlO3(001) substrate by a three-step process including magnetron sputtering and two post-annealing processes. In the post-annealing process we found that the (Tl0.95Bi0.2)(Sr0.8Ba0.2)2Ca1Cu2Ox (Tl, Bi-1212) phase formation played a very important role in obtaining the Tl, Bi-1223 superconducting phase. So, the precursors were annealed at lower temperature to form the Tl, Bi-1212 phase entirely, and then almost pure Tl, Bi-1223 phase superconducting thin films could be obtained by annealing the Tl, Bi-1212 film at higher temperature. The superconducting critical temperature Tc of the Tl, Bi-1223 film annealed in oxygen and in argon was 111 K and 107 K, respectively. The critical current density Jc (77 K, 0 T) of the Tl, Bi-1223 film annealed in oxygen was as high as 3.7 MA cm-2.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: December 1, 2007

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