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AC losses in a finite Z stack using an anisotropic homogeneous-medium approximation

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A finite stack of thin superconducting tapes, all carrying a fixed current I, can be approximated by an anisotropic superconducting bar with critical current density Jc = Ic/2aD, where Ic is the critical current of each tape, 2a is the tape width, and D is the tape-to-tape periodicity. The current density J must obey the constraint &\int J\, \mathrm {d}x=I/D ;, where the tapes lie parallel to the x axis and are stacked along the z axis. We suppose that Jc is independent of field (Bean approximation) and look for a solution to the critical state for arbitrary height 2b of the stack. For c<|x|<a we have J = Jc, and for |x|<c the critical state requires that Bz = 0. We show that this implies &\partial J/ \partial x=0 ; in the central region. Setting c as a constant (independent of z) results in field profiles remarkably close to the desired one (Bz = 0 for |x|<c) as long as the aspect ratio b/a is not too small. We evaluate various criteria for choosing c, and we show that the calculated hysteretic losses depend only weakly on how c is chosen. We argue that for small D/a the anisotropic homogeneous-medium approximation gives a reasonably accurate estimate of the ac losses in a finite Z stack. The results for a Z stack can be used to calculate the transport losses in a pancake coil wound with superconducting tape.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/20/12/008

Publication date: December 1, 2007

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