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Enhancement of critical current densities of powder-in-tube processed MgB2 tapes by using MgH2 as a precursor powder

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We investigated the effect of starting powder on the microstructure and superconducting properties of MgB2 tapes prepared by a powder-in-tube technique. Two kinds of powder mixtures, Mg + B and MgH2 + B, were used as precursors. When using the mixture of Mg + B, carbon-steel (CS) sheaths reacted with B, and FexB (x 1 and 2) was formed. This brought about a decrease in the density of the MgB2 core and, hence, a low critical current density (Jc). On the other hand, we found that the mixture of MgH2 + B was effective in suppressing the formation of FexB and obtaining a high density of the core layer. The Jc values of the tapes prepared using the mixture of MgH2 + B were about twice as large as those prepared using the mixture of Mg + B and reached 1600 A cm-2 at 4.2 K and 10 T. This is higher than that of the CS-sheathed MgB2 tapes prepared with MgB2 powder.

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Publication date: November 1, 2002

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