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Magnetic monopoles and center vortices as gauge-invariant topological defects simultaneously responsible for confinement

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We give a gauge-invariant definition of the vortex surface in SU(N) Yang–Mills theory without using the gauge fixing procedure. In this construction, gauge-invariant magnetic monopoles with fractional magnetic charges emerge in the boundary of the non-oriented vortex surface such that the asymptotic string tension reproduces the correct N-ality dependence. We show that gauge-invariant magnetic monopoles and vortices are simultaneously responsible for quark confinement in four-dimensional spacetime based on the Wilson criterion. These results are extracted from a non-Abelian Stokes theorem derived in the previous paper.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0954-3899/35/8/085001

Publication date: August 1, 2008

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