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Target mass number dependence of subthreshold antiproton production in proton-, deuteron- and alpha-particle-induced reactions

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Data from KEK on subthreshold &\bar{\rm p} ; as well as on ± and K± production in proton-, deuteron- and α-induced reactions at energies between 2.0 and 12.0 A GeV for C, Cu and Pb targets are described within a unified approach. We use a model which considers a nuclear reaction as an incoherent sum over collisions of varying numbers of projectile and target nucleons. It samples complete events and thus allows for the simultaneous consideration of all final particles including the decay products of the nuclear residues. The enormous enhancement of the &\bar{\rm p} ; cross section, as well as the moderate increase of meson production in deuteron and α induced compared to proton-induced reactions, is well reproduced for all target nuclei. In our approach, the observed enhancement near the production threshold is mainly due to the contributions from the interactions of few-nucleon clusters by simultaneously considering fragmentation processes of the nuclear residues. The ability of the model to reproduce the target mass dependence may be considered as a further proof of the validity of the cluster concept.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: May 1, 2005


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