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Search for nuclearites using the TL stack detector

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It is shown that a thermoluminescent (TL) sheet stack detector, consisting of TL sheets and medical x-ray films, is an effective nuclearite detector. Nuclearite energy loss is not explicitly used for the estimation of the TL stack sensitivity to nuclearites, but implicitly by considering ways of energy deposition. The 90% confidence level flux limit obtained with the TL stack detector is given for a certain [iopmath latex="$\beta-M$"] -M [/iopmath] range of nuclearites. For nuclearites of [iopmath latex="$\beta= 10^{-3}$"] = 10-3 [/iopmath] at sea level and [iopmath latex="$M \ge 2\times 10^{15}$"] M2×1015 [/iopmath]  GeV  [iopmath latex="$c^{-2}$"] c-2 [/iopmath] , the limit is [iopmath latex="$1.3\times 10^{-13}$"] 1.3×10-13 [/iopmath]  s [iopmath latex="$^{-1}$"] -1 [/iopmath]  cm [iopmath latex="$^{-2}$"] -2 [/iopmath]  sr [iopmath latex="$^{-1}$"] -1 [/iopmath] .

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: 1: Department of Physics, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530, Japan 2: Okayama University of Science, Okayama, Japan 3: Hirosaki University, Hirosaki, Japan 4: Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan 5: Institute of Cosmo-Geophysics, CNR, Torino, University of Torino and INFN Torino, Italy

Publication date: April 1, 2001

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