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The path to innovation: the Cuban experience

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Abstract:

This article presents a discussion on the development of the activities of science, technology and innovation (S&T&I) in Cuba after 1959, the experiences gained and the challenges to face. The main topics to be discussed are: the different periods of this process and its main characteristics; the role of government and other innovation actors; the S&T&I planning and managerial model prevalent at different moments; the effects and outcomes of the fall of the European Socialist countries and the different measures taken to overcome the difficult situations encountered. Several case studies are presented: the development of biotechnology for medical purposes, and some results experienced in the basic industry sector. Some general conclusions are drawn, and some challenges and perspectives identified.

Keywords: Cuba; biotechnology; electricity generation; innovation systems; nickel; petroleum; science, technology and innovation policies

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/ijtm.7.3.205_1

Affiliations: University of Brazil.

Publication date: December 1, 2008

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  • The International Journal of Technology Management and Sustainable Development supports new philosophies on technology and development, their relationship to globalisation, and the problems of world poverty and environmental degradation. The journal explores global, social, economic and environmental conditions in relation to shifts in technology and market paradigms.
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