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Rio+10: Sustainable Development Revisited

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In an assessment of the state of the world ten years after the 1992 Earth Summit, this paper argues that neither the environment nor socio-economic development has fared well. While awareness of environmental issues has increased and remarkable progress made in niches such as wind power and organic farming, nearly all global indicators continue to be headed in the wrong direction. Many social issues advanced slowly, with some of the gains offset by setbacks. The decade since Rio saw decreases in deaths from infectious diseases such as pneumonia and diarrhoea, but a six-fold increase in deaths from HIV/AIDS, with people in developing countries most at risk. The paper addresses the need to focus on such issues as increased participation of women in development activities, and system-wide rather than incremental approaches when considering policies and strategies for sustainable development.

Keywords: Earth Summit; Rio; environment; policies and strategies; socio-economic conditions; sustainable development

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: July 1, 2002

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  • The International Journal of Technology Management and Sustainable Development supports new philosophies on technology and development, their relationship to globalisation, and the problems of world poverty and environmental degradation. The journal explores global, social, economic and environmental conditions in relation to shifts in technology and market paradigms.
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