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Transatlantic intrigues: Humberto Delgado, Henrique Galvão and the Portuguese exiles in Brazil and Morocco, 1961–62

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The spectacular incident of the Santa Maria, the Portuguese cruise liner hijacked in January 1961 by a group of Portuguese and Spanish exiles led by Captain Henrique Galvão, has been thoroughly examined from several different perspectives (Galvão 1961; Sotomayor 1978; Piñeiro 2000). It is well known also that General Humberto Delgado, unable to leave Brazil for lack of a valid travel document, claimed responsibility for Operação Dulcineia, as it was called (Delgado and Figueiredo 1991: 171–79). Despite rumours of a rift between the two exiled condottieri, they still claimed to be united, and for a few months after the Santa Maria affair they continued to work together, at least publicly. This article will examine their relations over the following eighteen months or so and their relations with other exiles in Brazil and later in Morocco, where they both arrived (independently) in late 1961.
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Keywords: Henrique Galvão; Humberto Delgado; coups; political exiles; uprisings

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Liverpool

Publication date: 2004-12-01

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  • The Portuguese Journal of Social Science opens a gateway for the international community to engage with a high calibre of academic work in social sciences produced by Portuguese scholarship. Previous to the publication of this journal, this work remained largely inaccessible to an international readership due to issues with language and translation.
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