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Migration in Europe: Challenges To Citizenship

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The world's population is currently six billion, 80 per cent of whom live in developing areas, and 50 per cent live under the absolute poverty line. Available forecasts indicate that soon 90 per cent of all population growth will take place in these same developing areas where today 80 per cent of the world population is already concentrated. The political answer of Europe from the 1980s onwards to the demographic unbalances of the world and to the movements of escape from violence from developing regions has been an increasing closure of its borders to the inflow of economic migrants and an extreme reluctance to take in refugees and asylum seekers. In this work I will discuss the European migratory experience and its current migratory situation. I will attribute the current situation to a marked rupture between immigrants' and refugees' individual rights and European collective interests.

Keywords: Citizenship; European Union; Migration; Refugees

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: July 1, 2002

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  • The Portuguese Journal of Social Science opens a gateway for the international community to engage with a high calibre of academic work in social sciences produced by Portuguese scholarship. Previous to the publication of this journal, this work remained largely inaccessible to an international readership due to issues with language and translation.
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