Ethnofiction: drama as a creative research practice in ethnographic film
Author: Sjberg, Johannes
Source: Journal of Media Practice, Volume 9, Number 3, 6 November 2008 , pp. 229-242(14)
Abstract:In the mid-1950s visual anthropologist Jean Rouch started to experiment with improvised fiction in ethnographic films such as Jaguar (19571967), Moi, un noir (1958) and La pyramide humaine (1959). Film critics would call these films ethnofictions. After agreeing a story outline, the camera simply follows the subjects' improvisations of their own, and others', lived experiences. The aim is to show aspects of ethnographic research otherwise hard to represent. Even though Rouch made ethnofictions as part of his ethnographic research, he infused the genre with elements of surrealism and poetry, and often opposed anyone trying to establish theories about his films. Defying Rouch's view on this matter, this article explores ethnofiction as an ethnographic filmmaking method by drawing on the experiences from fieldwork and filmmaking among transgendered Brazilians living in So Paulo. A key question is whether fiction and improvised acting could be used as a creative research practice in ethnographic film.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: The University of Manchester.
Publication date: 6 November 2008
- The Journal of Media Practice is a peer-reviewed publication addressing practical work in media teaching and research. To this end, the editorial board and consultative panels comprise prominent academics and practitioners from a range of disciplines committed to the achievement of academic and professional ends through means centred on practical work.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Subscribe to this Title
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites