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Fascism and violence in Spain: Aa comparative update

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Fascism in Spain? Almost no historian has spoken of fascism in Franco’s Spain without denying it altogether, modifying conceptual boundaries or adding terminological parameters (para-, proto-, pseudo-, -ized). Yet, it is just possible that something is not being handled correctly. In this article, through a critical review of some of the central features in the field of historical interpretation of fascism, comparative analysis is employed to re-examine the current characterization of the Franco regime and to identify it as fascist during the civil war and immediate post-war period. In examining some of the latest historiographical debates and advances, this article proposes a coherent reading of Spanish fascism. In this sphere historiography does seem to be in agreement: violence and its contexts occupy a central position in the analysis of fascism. Violence, institutionalization and context are some of the theoretical issues that aim to re-evaluate the position of Franc's Spain within the European family of Fascism.

Keywords: Falange; Spain; civil war; fascism; fascistization; violence

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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  • The International Journal of Iberian Studies (IJIS) is the academic journal for scholars from around the world whose research focuses on contemporary Spain and Portugal from a range of disciplinary perspectives. IJIS is interested in history (20th century onwards), government and politics; foreign policy and international relations.
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