Fascistization and fascism: Spanish dynamics in a Eeuropean process

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This article defends the hypothesis that the regime built during the Spanish Civil War should be included within the historical category of fascism. The concept of fascistization is used to examine the evolution of the radical right wing and its convergence into a Spanish fascism that culminated in a civil war. This concept answers the main objections commonly held regarding the fascist nature of the regime that began in 1936: namely the minority standing of the Spanish fascist party, the existence of heterogeneous components in the movement that led to the civil war, a dictatorship that relied upon traditional segments of society to establish hegemony and the irreconcilable relationship between fascism and the essentially catholic nature of the new regime. Here it is shown that such objections can also be launched against other regimes usually considered fascist and that fascistization was not an alternative to, but rather the implementation of fascism under the conditions defining Spain in the 1930s.

Keywords: Falange; Spain; civil war; fascism; fascistization; radical right

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/ijis.25.3.159_1

Affiliations: Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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  • The International Journal of Iberian Studies (IJIS) is the academic journal for scholars from around the world whose research focuses on contemporary Spain and Portugal from a range of disciplinary perspectives. IJIS is interested in history (20th century onwards), government and politics; foreign policy and international relations.
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