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The origins of the Francoist penitentiary system, 193648

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The aim of this article is to explore elements of the formation of Franco's penitentiary system in the 1940s. More specifically, three aspects regarding the policy allowing prisoners to redeem their sentences are studied: their intellectual origins, their legal influences and the idea of conditional liberty. Although in the last few decades there has been an increase in research on repression under the Franco dictatorship following the Spanish civil war, the prison system is one aspect that has been under-studied. In this article, approaches to prison history in democracies are examined and the peculiarities of the Spanish case highlighted.

Keywords: forced labour; military punishment; post-war; probation; repression; sins

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

Publication date: October 1, 2010

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  • The International Journal of Iberian Studies (IJIS) is the academic journal for scholars from around the world whose research focuses on contemporary Spain and Portugal from a range of disciplinary perspectives. IJIS is interested in history (20th century onwards), government and politics; foreign policy and international relations.
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