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Towards a new African cinema criticism: From the truth to Déchets Humains

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This article traces the trajectory of progressive African film-making from its early iterations as liberationist to contemporary postcolonial cinema. The critical engagements with Fanon have morphed under the influence of Mbembe, Shohat, Stam, Willemen and others. Political approaches that remain closer to The Empire Strikes Back or Fanon, recently embraced by Armes, are examined in light of Raymond Williams’s exploration of art and commitment, and are contrasted with Stam’s work on hybridity. In the end, the category of Third Cinema, which guided the critical community since the 1960s, is now being supplanted by work that takes into account conditions of cultural production and social conflict, as films like those of Nollywood disrupt the older categories of a serious, engaged African cinema.

Keywords: African political cinema; Marxism; Nollywood; Third Cinema; globalization; postcolonialism; revolutionary cinema

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Michigan State University

Publication date: 2011-10-28

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  • The International Journal of Francophone Studies offers a critical preview for a new development in the understanding of 'France outside France', with a thorough insight into the network of disciplinary issues affiliated with this study. The journal complements the thriving area of scholarly interest in the French-speaking regions of the world, bringing a location of linguistic, cultural, historical and social dynamics within a single academic arena.
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