This article examines the work of Elie Stphenson, an important cultural figure in French Guiana. The first part of this essay exposes how Stphenson's poetry subverts the word pays and how the poet denounces the negative effects of departmentalisation through a rather vigorous prose.
The second part of the article demonstrates how Stphenson's play entitled Massak offers a new and surprising interpretation of slavery, where slaves are viewed as individuals and as such, they too were faced with existential choices.
The International Journal of Francophone Studies offers a critical preview for a new development in the understanding of 'France outside France', with a thorough insight into the network of disciplinary issues affiliated with this study. The journal complements the thriving area of scholarly interest in the French-speaking regions of the world, bringing a location of linguistic, cultural, historical and social dynamics within a single academic arena.