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Rcit fondateur et culture politique en Nouvelle-Caldonie. Ta Kanak, de Mlansia 2000 au Festival des Arts du Pacifique (19752000)

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In 1975, Jean-Marie Tjibaou, whose name was to become synonymous with the pro-independence movement in New Caledonia, organised the Mlansia 2000 Festival in Noumea. The idea behind this Festival was to bring together Kanak from all over the Territory in an attempt to revive their culture and pave the way for a new postcolonial identity. Tjibaou produced a play-pageant or Jeu Scnique, which was an adaptation of the Kanak foundation myth, Ta Kanak. A quarter of a century later, Dw Gorod, a Kanak writer and activist who had been opposed on political grounds to Mlansia 2000, also adapted this foundation narrative in her play, Knk 2000, written for the 8th Pacific Arts Festival, which took place in Noumea in 2000. After comparing the tenets, versions and implications of this foundation myth produced by Tjibaou and Gorod, we present an interview with Gorod, who is today Vice-President of the New Caledonian government, in charge of culture.

Keywords: Dw Gorod; Festival Mlansia 2000; Foundation myth; Jean-Marie Tjibaou; New Caledonia Kanak identity; Pacific Arts Festival

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Australian National University.

Publication date: December 1, 2008

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