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Trois millnaires de migrations et de mtissages en Nouvelle-Caldonie. Ralit biologique et dficit culturel

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Abstract:

Diversity took a variety of forms during the colonial period. This is why biological mtissage actually gave rise to a plurality of mixed communities. The Austronesian society that took shape in New Caledonia around 1100 BC was no exception. It did not coalesce around the arrival of a single pirogue or a single group from Vanuatu, but rather around the arrival of successive waves of humans from the northwest islands of the Melanesian arc. However, if biological mtissage remained more or less constant during the first three millennia of a human presence in New Caledonia, its examplars were progressively integrated into the dominant culture. Each new wave of human colonization brought with it technological innovations or new social practices. Ultimately, while we can observe a gradual retreat in the perception of mtissage as colonial society's preferred solution, native groups increasingly took a back seat by comparison withf other communities.

Keywords: Kanak; Nouvelle Caldonie; cohsion; colonisation; communaut; dmographie; migration; mtissage

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/ijfs.11.4.523_1

Affiliations: University of New Caledonia.

Publication date: December 1, 2008

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  • The International Journal of Francophone Studies offers a critical preview for a new development in the understanding of 'France outside France', with a thorough insight into the network of disciplinary issues affiliated with this study. The journal complements the thriving area of scholarly interest in the French-speaking regions of the world, bringing a location of linguistic, cultural, historical and social dynamics within a single academic arena.
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