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Free Content Fminisme et postcolonialisme: Beauvoir, Fanon et la guerre d'Algrie

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Abstract:

Fanon, Beauvoir: two writers, two theorists, who embodied the battles that they fought decolonization and feminism. Although distinct, these two struggles are linked. They share a situatedness: the absolute otherness of women in relation to men and of the colonized in relation to the colonizer. They share a project: to change the future through the liberation of revolution. In fact, Beauvoir and Fanon met: their struggles and the story of their meeting in 1961 are recounted in Beauvoir's La Force des choses, which links French feminism to the project for decolonization. The international visibility of The Second Sex overshadowed Beauvoir's other political projects, notably, her significant role during the Algerian war of independence. The crucial place Fanon accorded to women in his theory of decolonization has been overlooked. In a re-reading of texts by Beauvoir and Fanon, this article explores how these struggles are interconnected at the moment of the Algerian war, and how, in the contemporary postcolonial context, Beauvoir and Fanon can both be read as postcolonial authors.

Keywords: autobiographie; dcolonisation; fminisme; guerre d'Algrie; lutte de libration; morale; postcolonialisme; situation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/ijfs.10.3.407_1

Affiliations: Tulane University.

Publication date: November 15, 2007

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  • The International Journal of Francophone Studies offers a critical preview for a new development in the understanding of 'France outside France', with a thorough insight into the network of disciplinary issues affiliated with this study. The journal complements the thriving area of scholarly interest in the French-speaking regions of the world, bringing a location of linguistic, cultural, historical and social dynamics within a single academic arena.
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