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Don du franais et parole (post) coloniale

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Abstract:

This article aims to give a renewed theoretical substance to the words of francophonie. It tries to reconstruct the conditions of enunciation which characterize the French (post) colonial scene from the Ancien Rgime to the present. In each epoch of the French colonial empire, a theologico-political core governed the effects of censorship and of lingual reduction through the so-called gift of languages. If, according to the Code noir especially, a slave was mute or inaudible by definition, the French and Haitian Revolutions opened a new space for a black discourse in French. Such a lingual event, as well as the triumph of the Jacobinist conception of the national idiom, helps us to understand the uses and ruses of the Third Republic regarding the teaching of the French language in the colonies. Thus, a necessarily (post)colonial francophonie could name the process of bypassing the colonial order of speech and silence.

Keywords: Hati; Rvolution Franaise; Toussaint Louverture; enseignement du franais; francophonie; parole; postcolonial; thologico-politique; thorie

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/ijfs.10.3.345_1

Affiliations: Cornell University.

Publication date: November 15, 2007

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  • The International Journal of Francophone Studies offers a critical preview for a new development in the understanding of 'France outside France', with a thorough insight into the network of disciplinary issues affiliated with this study. The journal complements the thriving area of scholarly interest in the French-speaking regions of the world, bringing a location of linguistic, cultural, historical and social dynamics within a single academic arena.
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