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Voice and give voice: dialectics between fiction and history in narratives on the Rwandan genocide

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A considerable amount of literature has been produced on the genocide in Rwanda, from historical, political and sociological studies to testimonies, accounts and fiction. While the status of scientific texts is more or less clear, when it comes to fiction and journalism, the situation is much more complex. Often, history and fiction merge. The character of the text's discourse and the narrator's viewpoint are not always obvious and in unison. How does the text function and how does it relate to reality and to history? Which knowledge does it seek to represent and spread? This article examines the relations between fact and fiction in literary and journalistic texts. Each text is located on the continuum between the subjective and the objective.

Keywords: Rwanda; fiction; functions of literature; genocide; journalism; literature; theatre; witness account

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: University of Bayreuth.

Publication date: 2006-04-01

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  • The International Journal of Francophone Studies offers a critical preview for a new development in the understanding of 'France outside France', with a thorough insight into the network of disciplinary issues affiliated with this study. The journal complements the thriving area of scholarly interest in the French-speaking regions of the world, bringing a location of linguistic, cultural, historical and social dynamics within a single academic arena.
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